Thyroid Disorder Specialist

Sonoran Endocrinology

Rohit Dwivedi, MD

Endocrinologist located in Surprise, AZ & Gilbert, AZ

By conservative estimates, as many as 12% of Americans are going to develop some type of thyroid disorder during their lives. Since thyroid diseases can affect your metabolism, heart functions, and digestive processes, to name a few, Rohit Dwivedi, MD, at Sonoran Endocrinology in Surprise, Gilbert, Lake Havasu City, and Prescott, Arizona, provides up-to-date diagnostic and treatment solutions that are personalized to you. Click on the online scheduling tool or call the office nearest you to book your thyroid disorder exam.

Thyroid Disorder Q & A

What is a thyroid disorder?

Thyroid disorder is a broad umbrella term for conditions that affect your thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck. 

Your thyroid secretes hormones that regulate everyday biological functions, including your metabolism, brain functions, and bone maintenance, among other functions. Below are short descriptions of common thyroid disorders.


Hypothyroidism leads to abnormally low thyroid hormones because of an underactive thyroid. In most cases, Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disease, is to blame. However, radiation treatments or thyroid removal surgery can also lead to hypothyroidism.


The opposite of hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism leads to high levels of thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism can occur because of thyroid inflammation (thyroiditis), abnormal secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) from your pituitary gland, or Graves’ disease. 

As the most common type of hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that damages your thyroid and causes it to overproduce hormones. 

Thyroid nodules

Nodules are abnormal growths that develop in or on your thyroid. Iodine deficiency and Hashimoto’s disease can increase your risk of nodules. While most thyroid nodules are noncancerous, they can still affect your normal thyroid functions and lead to either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. 

How does thyroid disorder affect me?

The symptoms you experience with thyroid disorder depend on which condition you have. Dr. Dwivedi, a board-certified endocrinologist, spends time conducting expanded labs to evaluate your thyroid hormone levels. 

If your thyroid hormones are low, you may experience:

  • Heavy or irregular periods
  • Dry or thinning hair
  • Cold intolerance 
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Goiter 

Alternatively, if your thyroid hormones are high, you might notice:

  • Poor sleep patterns
  • Increased appetite 
  • Muscle weakness
  • Vision problems 
  • Rapid pulse
  • Weight loss 

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms or know you have a history of a thyroid disorder, don’t hesitate to contact Dr. Dwivedi. He helps you find the proper treatment solution for your specific diagnosis. 

What is the treatment for thyroid disorder?

Dr. Dwivedi specializes in integrative thyroid disorder treatment plans based on the latest advancements in medical research. In general for hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone medications are necessary, as well as ongoing bloodwork to monitor your hormone levels. 

However, if you have hyperthyroidism, Dr. Dwivedi might recommend radioactive iodine treatments or medications to block thyroid hormone production. 

In severe cases, removing your thyroid gland might be necessary, followed by a course of thyroid hormone medications that you’re going to need to take daily for the rest of your life. 

Rohit Dwivedi, MD, provides modern thyroid disorder treatment plans. You can book your thyroid disorder exam online or by phone with the office nearest you today.