Your adrenal glands are responsible for releasing several types of hormones that regulate your blood pressure, metabolism, blood sugar, and more. Because adrenal problems lead to a wide range of complex issues, Rohit Dwivedi, MD, provides thorough diagnostic and treatment care at Sonoran Endocrinology in Surprise, Gilbert, Lake Havasu City, and Prescott, Arizona. If you have a history of adrenal disorders or are experiencing unusual symptoms — such as chronic fatigue or unexplained weight loss — don’t hesitate to book an evaluation. You can conveniently schedule an appointment at the office nearest you online or over the phone.
Your adrenal glands rest on top of your kidneys. Controlled by your pituitary gland in your brain, your adrenal glands produce cortisol — the stress hormone — sex hormones, epinephrine, and other hormones your body needs regularly.
If your pituitary gland doesn’t properly regulate hormone production, if you develop a mass or infection in your adrenal glands, or if you have inherited disorders, your adrenal glands may not function properly. Some of the most common adrenal problems include:
Adrenal insufficiency describes conditions that occur when you have low levels of adrenal hormones due to infections, genetic mutations, or autoimmune disorders.
Addison’s disease — a type of adrenal insufficiency — is an autoimmune disorder where your immune system starts attacking your adrenal tissues. This results in low adrenal hormone levels.
Cushing’s syndrome leads to an overproduction of cortisol due to overuse of steroids or because of tumor development. Often called hypocortisolism, Cushing’s syndrome is the opposite of adrenal insufficiency.
Having a tumor on your pituitary gland in your brain can lead to an overproduction of adrenal hormones (functional tumor) or decreased adrenal hormone secretion (nonfunctioning tumor).
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, a type of adrenal insufficiency, stems from a genetic disorder. Your adrenal glands don’t produce cortisol or aldosterone — a hormone that regulates blood pressure — or both. This type of adrenal problem can go undiagnosed for years in children.
The symptoms of adrenal problems depend on which type of condition you have and whether you develop an over- or underproduction of adrenal hormones.
With high adrenal hormone levels, as with Cushing’s syndrome, you might experience:
Alternatively, if your adrenal hormones are abnormally low, you may notice:
Many types of adrenal problems also lead to unexplained weight loss. If you’re experiencing any of these issues or need help managing an adrenal disorder you’ve had for some time, contact Dr. Dwivedi as soon as possible.
As a board-certified endocrinologist, Dr. Dwivedi has extensive training and experience in comprehensive adrenal problem diagnostics. He conducts comprehensive screenings to get to the root of your condition, so you can work together to find a beneficial solution.
In most cases, medications are necessary to manage adrenal problems. Dr. Dwivedi can prescribe medications that enhance your adrenal gland function and stabilize hormone levels. In some cases, hormone replacement therapy might be necessary, too.
If you have a pituitary or adrenal tumor that’s causing your condition, Dr. Dwivedi might recommend surgery. After the removal of the abnormal growth, Dr. Dwivedi schedules you for regular follow-ups to regulate your medications as needed.
If you struggle with adrenal problems, you can receive the care you need at the office of Rohit Dwivedi, MD. Click on the online scheduler or call your nearest office today.